What Are Mitochondrial Diseases?

The name mitochondrial myopathy comes from the specific part of the cell the disease affects, called the mitochondria, which are small energy factories found inside most cells in our body.

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“Myopathy” comes from two words: “myo” meaning muscle, and “pathy” meaning disease. If you put those two words together, they are cellular diseases that affect the muscles. Mitochondrial diseases, however, affect the muscular and neurological systems. There are different types of mitochondrial diseases that differ depending on the areas of the body they affect and the age of onset.

According to the Muscular Dystrophy Association, the most common symptoms of mitochondrial diseases are muscle weakness, an intolerance to exercise, issues with balance and coordination, seizures, hearing loss and learning difficulties. Other common complications include heart defects, liver failure, stroke, diabetes, stunted growth and impaired vision. Often, patients with mitochondrial diseases will present at least two complications.

Mitochondrial diseases are genetic disorders where gene mutations can be inherited. Some cases of mitochondrial disease are not inherited but are caused by gene mutation during fetal development. Many of the genes responsible for mitochondrial diseases have been identified and researchers are using animal models to try and better understand the disease.

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Muscular Dystrophy News Today is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or another qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.

2 comments

  1. Take a look at this – initiative from Europe. Kind regards Ritva Pirttimaa – Finnish neuromuscular disorder accosioation.

    Following text is taken out from IMP webb side:
    From the 18th to the 24th of September the Global Mitochondrial Disease Awareness Week will take place. Around the world Global Mitochondrial Disease Awareness Week will be marked with educational, fundraising and advocacy efforts designed to raise awareness about mitochondrial disease (mito). Within this framework many events will take place in different countries.

    Examples of events to raise awareness and funds for research are: walking and biking events, patient information days, symposia with specific topics, fundraising activities, and a special one is the ‘stay in bed day’ event in Australia.

    The GMDAW initiative once started in Australia and is now being organized under the flag of IMP. We proudly present this initiative and hope it will find its way to many countries in the world. Curious about what is being organized in your own country? You can have a look at the GMDAW website: http://www.gmdaw.org

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